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About Diazepam

Find A Detailed Guide About The Use Of Diazepam

Anxiety and stress disorders are a standard part of the lives of people in the present times. The current lifestyle of the people makes it quite difficult for people to balance their health and work schedule. Amidst the constant shuffling between the various aspects of life, problems like anxiety, stress, uneasiness, and insomnia and muscle spasms can arise at any given point of time. Many a time, these problems are caused due to changing lifestyle while at other times, it can be created as part of the withdrawal symptom from alcoholism. Benzodiazepines are the medicines which are used in the present times for the treatment of anxiety disorders.

These medicines are psychoactive drugs which affect the functioning of the way to yield positive results. In this respect itself, diazepam is a medicine which is sold in the market under the name Valium and is prescribed by a medical professional for the treatment of anxiety disorders and alcoholism. In addition to this, the medicine also treats physical problems like muscle spasms, seizures, and other psychological ones like insomnia.

Effects of diazepam on the body

Diazepam is a medicine which is taken to calm the muscles in the brain and produce a relieving impact which helps the person to relax. The drug can be given for a variety of reasons ranging from physical to psychological conditions. However, care must be taken to make sure that the dosage for different conditions varies as it depends on a variety of factors.

It is because of this reason that you must get a prescription written down by a medical professional which shall help you in understanding different dosages of the medicine. Diazepam is used for a variety of reasons. It can be used in the treatment of anxiety and insomnia while at the same time, can also be banked upon as an effective measure in the treatment of panic attacks. In addition to this, diazepam can also be used as a premedication for sedation, amnesia, or anxiolytics before performing some medical procedures.

Dosage of diazepam

The dosage of diazepam depends upon a wide variety of factors, and it is because of this reason that it is quite essential to get your prescription from an expert. If you are taking medicine for the first time, you might not be well aware of the dosage of the drug, and in such a situation, a medication guide comes in as a handy option to remind you about the daily dosages of diazepam. However, if you are regular to the dosage of Valium, you must be aware of the adequate amount of dosage, which is just perfect to be used as a cure. If you are taking the dose for anxiety, the maximum recommended dosage for an adult would be 2 mg to 10 mg, which can be taken either two or four times.

While a dose up to 5 mg is recommended for moderate anxiety, a dose of 10 mg is recommended strongly for severe anxiety. In the case of alcoholism, an initial dose of 10 mg can be taken in the first 24 hours and subsequently, a maintenance dose of 5 mg as per the need of the patient. These dosages must be taken orally and under the supervision of a certified medical professional. Moreover, the optimum dosage prescribed to the adults in case of muscle spasms and seizures is 2 mg to 10 mg for both the cases. However, the breakup of these dosages is different for both the condition. While for muscle spasm, you can start with an initial dose of 5-10 mg IM or IV, a dose of 0.2 mg is required for the treatment of seizures.

In addition to these conditions, diazepam can be prescribed for the treatment of diseases like alcohol withdrawal and status epilepticus. It must be remembered that the dosage of diazepam depends upon multiple factors which include present condition and medical history of the person. This is to say that if a person has a history of abuse with the drug, he or she must not be prescribed with the medicine for the very maintenance of their healthy state. To see the effects of the drug, the initial dosage must be kept minimal, which can be increased later as per the requirement.

Side effects of diazepam

Well, having elaborated the dosage and the results of the medicine, it would be advisable if the patient is aware of the side effects of the drug. These side effects include a possible list of things that could go wrong on taking the dosage in excess. You must rush to your doctor on seeing the first signs of the following side effects-

  • Drowsiness
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Tremor

It must be noted that these are some of the common side effects of the medicine, and if you experience them in a mild degree, it is a possibility that these effects might wear out soon. However, if these effects do not wear off, it might be an indication for you to see your doctor. Some of the severe side effects which require immediate consultation are worsening of seizures, depression, vertigo, suicidal thoughts, memory loss, hallucinations, agitation, tremors, sweating, convulsions, and stomach cramps.

Thus, on the whole, diazepam is a useful drug which can be used as an effective medicine to reduce anxiety. However, the dosage of the medicine must be decided quite carefully because the drug is a benzodiazepine. In addition to this, diazepam also interacts with other medications as well, and in order to avoid this, the drug must not be taken with any other medicine or if you are taking it, inform your doctor about the same so that he can guide you about the right course of action that must be considered.

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